The Different Types of Vitiligo

different types of vitiligo

There are many different vitiligo types.

Vitiligo is a chronic skin condition that affects millions of people the world over. The white patches on the skin that characterize the condition are due to the loss of pigment in that particular area. While the white spots can appear on any part of the body, they are more likely to develop on skin that is more commonly exposed to the sun’s rays such as the face, hands and feet.

Several theories about what causes vitiligo have already been put forth, including the idea that it’s an autoimmune disease, a hereditary condition, or caused by extreme trauma, nutritional deficiencies or too much stress. As of today, no permanent cure for the condition has been discovered, although modern science has developed several treatments that help patients manage their condition.

The severity and the course of the skin disorder may vary from patient to patient. Typically, the white patches begin appearing in a small area. As time goes by, other patches pop up. Some even see their existing patches grow larger or multiply. There are also patients whose vitiligo stays the same for a long time, while other patients experience a rapid spread of the white patches all over their body.

Different types and subtypes of vitiligo

At present, doctors recognize two main types, which are segmental and non-segmental vitiligo.

Segmental vitiligo, which is also known as unilateral vitiligo, is marked by the appearance of white patches on only one segment of the body such as an arm, a leg, or the face. This type of vitiligo often starts at an early age, develops for about a year and then stops completely. Approximately 50 percent of segmental vitiligo patients also experience some hair color loss.

Non-segmental vitiligo, on the other hand, is more common. Also referred to as bilateral vitiligo, vitiligo vulgaris and generalized vitiligo, non-segmental vitiligo is characterized by the appearance of white spots on both sides of the body

.  Typically, this type of vitiligo starts appearing on fingertips, hands, wrists, on the feet or around the mouth and eyes. A person who has this type of vitiligo often experiences rapid pigment loss at the beginning, then a complete stop to the depigmentation for some time. Later on, the loss of pigment restarts, and this often becomes a lifetime cycle for the patient.

There are also several vitiligo sub-types such as acrofacial vitiligo, which is essentially depigmentation of the face, head, hands, feet or any part away from the center of the body. There is also focal vitiligo, which is characterized by the loss of color in a confined area. At the other extreme is universal vitiligo, which is basically complete or near-complete pigment loss of the entire body. It is sometimes recommended for patients who have this type of vitiligo to undergo depigmentation treatment instead so that the remaining areas of their skin that still have color will match the color of the rest of their skin.

Vitiligo Make-Up

Vitiligo makeup is a good solution to cover up the symptoms
Vitiligo is a skin condition that occurs with the death or ceasing to function of melanocytes, the cells which are responsible for the production of melanin, which is the pigment that gives us our natural skin color. Its exact cause has not been established definitively, but several theories exist, including the idea that it is an autoimmune disease, genetic in origin, or caused by excessive stress or trauma. Nutritional deficiencies are also suspected, as many vitiligo patients have been found to have lower levels of certain nutrients, Vitamin B12 in particular. Men, women and children can develop the disorder, which currently affects more than 60 million people around the world.

Modern science has yet to discover a permanent cure for vitiligo. For now, patients will have to make do with treatments that help them manage their condition. The most common of these treatments is phototherapy, which calls for the exposure of the affected areas of the skin to ultraviolet light, often in conjunction with certain medications. Corticosteroid creams and lotions are also widely used to halt the s

pread of the white patches, which more commonly appear on parts of the body which are more frequently exposed to sunlight.

In most cases, vitiligo patches do not cause any discomfort or pain. What they give most users in spades, however, is embarrassment. Vitiligo patients tend to be more conscious about these white patches when they appear on the face, especially around the mouth. The contrast is even more apparent on patients with darker complexions. Low self-esteem is common among vitiligo sufferers. Some even become clinically depressed because of the white spots that make their skin tone look extremely uneven.

Many vitiligo sufferers who undergo treatment also prefer to camouflage those unsightly white patches. It’s a good thing that there are now a number of cosmetic solutions for vitiligo available on the market. They come in various brands and types. There’s Dermablend, which comes in more than 20 shades that make it perfect for all types of complexions.

A slightly more expensive brand is Smart Cover , a waterproof and smudge-proof makeup as seen on TV.

 

 

 

The most expensive, but also highly effective option is  the airbrush makeup set from Dinair Studio. This product is waterbased and does not rub off at all. It has a bit of a learning curve, but a free instruction DVD is included.

While these cosmetic solutions serve their purpose well, there are also downsides to covering up those white patches. Many users complain about how time-consuming and tedious applying the makeup can get. More often than not, they find it difficult to make the makeup they are using match with their own skin tone perfectly. Male sufferers of the condition are also uncomfortable about putting on makeup. In most cases, they find the idea simply feminine or off-putting. Still, these makeup products have proven to be quite helpful in restoring the self-esteem of many vitiligo patients, both men and women alike. It is also a fact that masking the white patches with makeup is infinitely better than having to undergo something as invasive as skin grafting, a surgical procedure which involves the transplantation of normally-pigmented skin onto the affected areas.

Vitiligo or tinea versicolor?

vitiligo or tinea versicolor

It can be hard to tell the difference between vitiligo or tinea versicolor.

Vitiligo and tinea versicolor are two chronic skin disorders that are often mistaken for each other. This is not surprising, because they typically have similar symptoms. However, those who have either of them have to know for certain which condition they are suffering from in order to get the proper treatment that they need.

 The difference between vitiligo and tinea versicolor

While the two conditions may appear similar, there is no confusion as to what causes them. Vitiligo is generally regarded as an autoimmune disease, wherein the body’s own immune system attacks and destroys or disables the melanocytes, the cells which produce melanin, the pigment that gives our skin its normal color. Recent studies also suggest that it can also be hereditary in nature, or caused by certain nutritional deficiencies as well as extreme trauma or excessive stress. Tinea versicolor, on the other hand, is caused by an overgrowth of the Malassezia globosa fungus, which resides naturally on human skin. Warm and humid conditions often trigger this growth, and it more commonly occurs in people whose immune systems have been weakened. Having oily skin and sweating a lot is also a contributing factor to the fungal infection.

Among the common similarities between vitiligo and tinea versicolor is a marked discoloration of the skin. There is, however, a big difference when it comes to this particular similarity. The spots or patches on the skin of a vitiligo patient tend to be white, as they are completely depigmented. They are often found on fingers, toes, knees, around the eyes and mouth, the genitals and lower back. There is no noticeable scaling or itching. The spots on the skin of a tinea versicolor patient, on the other hand, is more like a rash that occurs mainly on the upper trunk, and are often lighter or darker that the skin around them. While these patches could appear white, they can also appear pink, red, or brown in color. They could also become dry, scaly and even itchy.

Vitiligo may affect people of any age. On the other hand, tinea versicolor is more common in teenagers and young adults.

One fortunate similarity between the two skin conditions is the fact that neither of them is contagious. Whether or not a person is suffering a mild or severe form of vitiligo or tinea versicolor does not matter, as you could not catch it from them, nor can they infect other people with their disorder.

Treatments for vitiligo and tinea versicolor

Even the available treatments for either condition vary greatly. For vitiligo, patients often resort to phototherapy, corticosteroid creams or ointments or even skin grafts to manage their condition. Meanwhile, tinea versicolor sufferers are encouraged to use topical antifungal creams, lotions or shampoos which contain substances such as selenium sulfide, miconazole, clotrimazole, and terbinafine, all of which keep the fungus under control. There are also antifungal pills for those with serious or recurrent cases of tinea versicolor. However, taking medications for the condition require the close monitoring of a doctor, as they tend to have side effects.

To be absolutely sure, the best thing to do would be to visit a dermatologist, who will conduct certain tests that will determine if the condition is vitiligo, tinea versicolor or something else.

Vitiligo and Children

children with vitiligo need support

When your child has vitiligo, your support makes a big difference.

Vitiligo may affect anyone regardless of race, gender or age. It can start at any age, but the white patches typically begin to appear between the ages of 20 and 30. However, there are cases when vitiligo starts to manifest itself in young children. As vitiligo may also be hereditary, children who develop vitiligo may have inherited the condition from a family member. In fact, about 30 percent of vitiligo patients have a family member who also has the skin condition. Then again, a very small percentage of children—about five to seven percent—will develop vitiligo even when they have a parent with the condition.

When the condition does appear in young children, parents should have it treated right away. While there is still no cure for the disorder, there are several treatments available that are designed to slow down or at least stop the spread of the white patches. It is also a fact that earlier treatment of vitiligo often yields great results, particularly in children.

So what vitiligo treatments are right for children? While there are a number of treatments for vitiligo in general, not all of them are recommended for children. The few conventional treatments that are deemed alright for kids include corticosteroid creams or ointments, the application of psoralen to the skin and phototherapy that must be closely monitored by a dermatologist for possible side effects.

The less expensive and ultimately safer route towards vitiligo treatment for children, however, should be the natural way. As vitiligo is also said to be caused by certain nutritional deficiencies, helping your children make up for those deficiencies is the logical thing to do. For instance, have them consume more green leafy vegetables, whole grains, fruits and nuts, all of which are rich in vitamins, minerals and antioxidants. You would also do well to have them take health supplements, particularly those that are rich in Vitamin B12 and folic acid, both of which help in the tanning of depigmented skin.

More often than not, the psychological impact of the condition bears down on children more than anything else. While children that young may not really notice it at first, a name-calling incident at school or on the playground could make them aware of their condition, and that could lead to a lot of things, including low self-esteem. What your child is going to need from you, the parents, is support and reassurance that you will always be there for them, that you will always love them no matter what. The love and warmth provided by one’s own family will give them happiness, and that is all that would matter to a child with vitiligo.

Callumae Review

callumae review

Callumae – is it an effective treatment for vitiligo?

When certain areas of your skin turn whiter than the area surrounding it, you need to consult a dermatologist because you might have vitiligo. The areas turn white because of the loss of pigment in that area, a result of the destruction of melanocytes, the cells responsible for the production of melanin, the pigment that provides the natural color of our skin.

The cause of this skin condition has not been firmly established, but there are several theories as to its cause. A widely accepted theory is that it is an autoimmune disease, wherein the immune system itself actively destroys the melanocytes. There is also the theory that genetic predisposition could also be a reason. Other theories include exposure to certain chemicals, nutritional deficiencies, trauma and stress.

To date, modern medical science has yet to develop a cure for vitiligo that is permanent and long-term. Several treatments, however, exist to help patients manage their condition. Some of these treatments promise to halt its progress or spread, while others claim it can actually reverse vitiligo and trigger the repigmentation of the white patches of skin. Among the treatments that aim to stimulate pigmentation of the skin is phototherapy. Using a domestic UV lamp, any vitiligo patient can stimulate melanocytes to produce melanin again and return the affected area to its normal color. More often than not, phototherapy is used in conjunction with medications. There are also supplements that claim to work well with light therapy, and that includes Callumae.
A Progressive Health product,  Callumae claims to be beneficial to anyone with vitiligo, as it complements phototherapy very well. It contains Folic Acid, vitamin B6, and vitamin B12, which are nutrients that are essential to pigmentation, among other things. Incidentally, many vitiligo sufferers tend to have low levels of the aforementioned nutrients.

Apart from the nutrients mentioned above, Callumae also contains ingredients that are unique to the product. There’s Picrohiza, which has long been used in Ayurvedic medicine for treating any dysfunction of the immune system. Considering that vitiligo is widely considered as an autoimmune disease, Picrohiza is just the right ingredient. Natural antioxidants like gingko biloba and lipoic acid are also active ingredients of Callumae.

Perhaps one of the most essential components of Callumae is khella extract, as it is the ingredient that actively triggers repigmentation of the white patches of vitiligo. Khellin, which is the active constituent of khella, is said to be just as effective as psoralen, a common medication used in conjunction with photoherapy. Like psoralen, khellin boosts the sensitivity of the melanin-producing cells to ultraviolet light and therefore aid in the production of melanin. Callumae is regarded to be safe for use by anyone with the condition, regardless of age, gender, race or severity of their vitiligo.

In case you have vitiligo, it wouldn’t hurt to give Callumae a try. After all, its makers offer a money-back guarantee in case you are not getting the results you want. Just return empty and unused bottles of Callumae within 180 days, and you will be given a full refund!  Click here for more information on Callumae.

White spots on my arms – is it vitiligo?

white spots on arms, face or legs - vitiligo or tinea versicolor?

Have you experienced, as you were looking at your face in the mirror,  a small white speck at the side of your mouth? Perhaps you didn’t give much thought to it, thinking it’s just something trivial. However, a few weeks later you see that white speck turn into a white spot. If that white spot turns into a much-bigger white spot much later, perhaps it’s time to for a visit to a dermatologist’s office and have yourself checked for vitiligo.

Vitiligo is a skin disorder that is characterized by white patches of skin, which occur because that area has lost its pigment. In many cases, these white patches become bigger. For some, the depigmentation spreads fast and wide until their skin is entirely white. There is no definitive way to tell the speed or degree of its progress though.

Vitiligo or tinea versicolor?

That white spot, however, can also be mistaken for other skin conditions, tinea versicolor in particular. Both are chronic skin conditions, and are characterized by a certain degree of discoloration of the affected area. They are also fortunately not contagious. The major similarities, however, end there. Vitiligo and tinea versicolor are different in so many ways.

Vitiligo, for one, is widely regarded as an autoimmune disease, although many studies suggest that nutritional deficiencies, heredity, trauma and too much stress may also give rise to the condition. Tinea versicolor, on the other hand is essentially a fungal skin infection. Fungi are part of our normal skin flora, but when the Malassezia globosa fungus grows out of control, it leads to tinea versicolor.

Even the major similarity between the two skin conditions differ in one aspect. While vitiligo sufferers only have white patches on their skin because of depigmentation, the spots that mark tinea versicolor can also be white, pink, red, or brown in color. The white patches of vitiligo generally do not cause any physical discomfort, while the spots of tinea versicolor, which is actually more of a rash, can be dry, scaly and itchy.

The white patches of vitiligo are also commonly found in sun-exposed areas of the skin, particularly the face, hands and feet, although they can also appear in the armpits, the groin and genital areas. The rash that characterizes tinea versicolor, meanwhile, tends to appear on the upper trunk of the body. People of any age may develop vitiligo, while tinea versicolor affects teenagers and young adults more commonly.

Topical antifungal creams, lotions or shampoos containing selenium sulfide, miconazole, clotrimazole, terbinafine and other substances are often recommended for use in treating tinea versicolor. Doctors may also recommend antifungal pills for more severe cases. Vitiligo patients, for their part, undergo such treatments such as phototherapy, skin grafting, depigmentation or corticosteroid creams and ointments to treat their condition. They can also resort to cosmetic solutions in order to make their skin look normal and even. There are also several natural treatments for vitiligo.

Only a dermatologist will be able to tell with any certainty what your condition is, so waste no time in dropping by the doctor’s office and having yourself checked.

White Spot Skin Disease

how to treat white spots on skin

Vitiligo is sometimes referred to as “white spot skin disease”.

One day, as you were toweling yourself dry after a shower, you noticed a white spot on your arm. You thought nothing of it at first, but as time went by, you realized the white spot has become bigger. If this is the case, then you may just have become one of the millions of people around the world who are suffering from vitiligo.

Sometimes referred to as white spot skin disease, vitiligo is a condition which causes the loss of pigment on areas of the skin. A disorder that may affect people of any age, race or gender, vitiligo occurs when the melanocytes that produce melanin, the skin’s natural pigment, fail to work. It most commonly affects areas of the skin that are more frequently exposed to the sun such as the face, hands, arms and feet. They are also known to appear in areas such as the groin area, the genitals, inside the mouth and the armpits. At first, the affected area will appear to be paler than the skin surrounding it.  With the passage of time, that pale spot will become even lighter and will eventually become completely white.

It is not definitely known what causes vitiligo. It is known to be an autoimmune disease, but other studies also suggest that heredity factors, nutritional deficiencies, trauma and too much stress may also give rise to vitiligo. At present, there is no permanent cure for vitiligo, although there are a number of methods on how to treat white spot skin disease.

If you want to know how to treat white spots on your skin, it is recommended that you check with a dermatologist first so you can be introduced to various options. One treatment option that your doctor may recommend is phototherapy, which calls for the exposure of the white spots to ultraviolet light using a UV lamp. He or she may also prescribe topical medications like corticosteroid creams and ointments, which aim to promote tanning of the affected area.However, if your vitiligo is already severe and covers more than half of your body, one option that you can choose to undergo is depigmentation. By using monobenzone ether of hydroquinone on unaffected skin, that particular area is expected to become lighter and soon match the lightness of the rest of affected skin. You can also choose to undergo skin grafting, which is a surgical procedure that involves the transplantation of normally pigmented skin onto the white patches.

If you want cheaper and safer ways to treat vitiligo, you can always go for natural methods. As certain nutritional deficiencies are also being blamed for vitiligo, it only makes sense to increase your intake of vitamins, minerals and antioxidants by eating green leafy vegetables, fruits, nuts and whole grains. Eating more carrots, parsnip and celery is also recommended as they contain psoralen, a compound that promotes tanning by increasing the sensitivity of skin to UV light. Taking selenium and vitamin B12 health supplements may also help.

If stress is the possible cause of your vitiligo, then you need to de-stress yourself. Deep breathing techniques may help, and so does meditation. Other stress-relieving activities that you can undertake include swimming, jogging or walking.

Vitiligo Definition

vitiligo definition and vitiligo key terms

Definition

Vitiligo is a skin condition that occurs when melanocytes, the cells that produce melanin, the pigment that determines skin, eye and hair color, die or no longer function. It is characterized by the appearance of slowly enlarging white patches of irregular shapes on the skin.

Causes and symptoms

To date, the cause of vitiligo has not been definitively established. However, there are several different theories as to what causes vitiligo. The most widely accepted theory is that vitiligo is an autoimmune disease. Several studies, however, also suggest that it could be hereditary, the result of nutritional deficiencies, extreme trauma or excessive stress.

Diagnosis

Typically, vitiligo can be identified by your doctor by the appearance of white patches alone, and special tests are therefore not usually necessary. Some doctors may want to see the differences in the color of your skin, and may use an ultraviolet lamp to do so. Doctors will also usually ask if you have relatives with the condition, or if you have suffered a sunburn or a bad rash on the affected area.

Vitiligo key terms

Autoimmune disease – a medical condition that occurs when the immune system attacks the body’s own tissues.

Melanin:  the natural pigment that determines our skin, hair and eye color, produced by cells known as melanocytes.

Melanocyte: The skin cell that produces the pigment melanin.

Depigmentation:  The lightening of the skin due to the loss of color or pigment.

Phototherapy: The use of light, ultraviolet light in particular, for the treatment of certain medical conditions, vitiligo included

Pigmentation: The natural coloring of a person’s skin, hair, mucous membranes, and retina of the eye.

Sunburn: Any injury to the skin caused by the ultraviolet rays caused by the sun

Vitiligo treatment

While there is no known permanent cure for vitiligo, there are several treatments available that promise to stop the spread of the white patches. The more common treatments for vitiligo include phototherapy, the topical application of corticosteroid creams or ointments, skin grafts and depigmentation. Patients can also opt for natural treatments such as consuming foods that are rich in vitamins and minerals or taking health supplements, particularly vitamin B12. For patients who are suffering psychosocial symptoms due to their vitiligo, they would do well to get counseling or join a vitiligo support group that will help them come to terms with their condition.

Prognosis

Vitiligo is an unpredictable condition in the sense that its course varies from person to person. Some patients may experience repigmentation in affected areas, while others may see new white patches appear, even with treatment. There are patients whose vitiligo may completely stop, while in some cases, their depigmentation could get worse as time goes by. Some may even go through a total depigmentation of their skin.

Prevention

Since no one knows exactly what causes vitiligo, there is no surefire way to prevent the occurrence of the disease. However, if the existing theories about the causes of the condition are to be believed, there are some things a person can do to prevent developing vitiligo. Boosting one’s immune system is one, and this can be done by making up for certain nutritional deficiencies, particularly that of vitamin B12. Since excessive stress is also being blamed for the condition, learning effective stress management techniques might also help. Avoid too much exposure to the sun as well, as sunburn is also suspected of triggering the appearance of those white patches.

Resources

http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/vitiligo/DS00586

http://www.medicinenet.com/vitiligo/article.htm#what_is_vitiligo_and_what_causes_it

http://www.webmd.boots.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/tc/vitiligo-diagnosing-vitiligo

http://www.emedicinehealth.com/vitiligo/glossary_em.htm

http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Vitiligo/Pages/Treatment.aspx

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000831.htm

 

A Review of Michael Dawson’s Natural Vitiligo Treatment System

review of michael dawsons natural vitligo treatment system

review of michael dawsons natural vitligo treatment system

Vitiligo, the skin condition that is marked by the appearance of white patches on one’s skin, has been around for as long as anyone can remember. Up to this very moment, however, scientists waste no time in telling the world that there is still no cure for vitiligo, which affects millions of people around the world. A man named Michael Dawson, however, begs to disagree. A former vitiligo sufferer himself, Dawson claims that a Natural Vitiligo Treatment System that he developed has cured his vitiligo permanently and naturally in just a couple of months.Dawson calls his system “The Home Vitiligo Cure That Doctors Don’t Want You To Discover”, and he is apparently onto something. After all, the treatments that doctors often recommend to stop the spread of vitiligo can be quite costly, not to mention loaded with side effects. For instance, phototherapy, a common treatment which involves the exposure of the affected skin to ultraviolet light, can cause not only skin damage and itching, but increased risk of skin cancer as well. Corticosteroid creams or ointments, meanwhile, cause the skin to shrink and lead to stretch marks too.

Natural treatments, on the other hand, cause almost no side effects at all, and this is what Michael Dawson is advocating: inexpensive but safe treatment for vitiligo. One look at his entire system and it is a virtual encyclopedia of anything from nature that can help cure a person of those white spots. From red clay to an ancient herb called khella, these treatments are, as Dawson claims, very effective at not just stopping the spread of vitiligo, but also at reversing it. Everything you need to know about these natural treatments are there. It also contains information on where to find them, how to prepare them and recommended applications and dosages.

A lot of people don’t have much faith in natural treatments, but Dawson’s system looks really promising. He claims that he has totally gotten rid of his vitiligo after a period of time spending a lot of money on conventional treatments that got him nowhere. If he is to be believed, he has also sent his program out to vitiligo patients that he knows and they all reported the same positive results. However, if you are serious about getting rid of your vitiligo, you will have to follow every single instruction on the program to the letter. Treatments that are not really applied strictly tend to not work out a hundred percent, and this system is no exception.

Aside from natural treatments, Dawson’s program also provides tips on how to prevent vitiligo. This part, however, is something we’re not so sure about. The cause of vitiligo, after all, has yet to be clearly established. Then again, the advice he gives in this regard is quite sound, as they all lead to improved overall health anyway.

Offered at a very low price of just $39, Michael Dawson’s Natural Vitiligo Treatment System is a lot cheaper compared to the thousands of dollars vitiligo patients might spend on conventional therapies. What makes the system a steal, however, are the bonuses that come with it. Aside from a very detailed program for getting rid of vitiligo, buying his system also entitles you to several e-books that provide information on how to undergo sunless tanning, and eat yourself on the way to a very fit body.

The best bonus for this program, however, is the free coaching or consultation that you can get from Michael Dawson himself. Any question you might have about his program or your vitiligo, you can personally ask Dawson, who is a nutrionist by profession. Instead of waiting for hours at a doctor’s office, all you need to do is shoot off an email, and you don’t even have to pay a single cent for it. This bonus alone is worth more than the cost of the program. However, the free consultation offer is time limited, so if you’re interested, you should take action now in order to secure your spot.

Click here for more information on Michael Dawson’s Natural Vitiligo Treatment System and free coaching.

Vitiligo and Vitamin B12

vitiligo and b12

vitamin b12 can help improve your vitiligo

When you notice white patches on your skin, you might want to visit a dermatologist immediately to find out if you have vitiligo, a skin condition characterized by the loss of pigment. This happens when melanocytes, the cells responsible for the production of melanin, the pigment that gives our skin its normal color, are destroyed or unable to function normally. While the white patches that mark vitiligo more commonly appear in areas that are more exposed to the sun such as the face, hands and feet, they tend to appear in the armpits, groin and the genital area as well. Anyone could develop vitiligo, regardless of gender, race or age.

To this very day, scientists cannot definitely say what causes vitiligo. It is long regarded as an autoimmune disease, but several studies also suspect genetics, stress, trauma and nutritional deficiencies have something to do with the condition, which affects millions of people all over the world.

There have been several studies that show people with vitiligo have abnormally low levels of Vitamin B12 compared to control subjects. Also known as cobalamin, Vitamin B 12 is a nutrient that is essential for, among other things, the normal activity of nerve cells.  Used in conjunction with folate and vitamin B6, Vitamin B12 also helps lower levels of homocysteine, a chemical could contribute to heart disease, in the blood. On top of all this, Vitamin B12 also helps keep our nerve tissues healthy, and the formation of red blood cells normal. Among the better-known consequences of a vitamin B12 deficiency is anemia, a decrease in the number of red blood cells.

Further research has also revealed that an increased intake of Vitamin B12 coupled with phototherapy, the process of exposing affected areas to ultraviolet light, has yielded positive results for those with vitiligo. In some cases, the patients have experienced a halt to their depigmentation, while some have even reported repigmentation of their affected skin area.

In many cases, doctors will prescribe vitamin B12 supplementation to make up for the deficiency. However, the stomach and digestive problems that often come with vitiligo can interfere with the body’s absorption of Vitamin B12. This is why instead of oral supplements like sublingual drops or vitamin pills, most doctors would recommend shots of vitamin B-12 or a transdermal vitamin B12 patch. These delivery methods avoid the digestive track and put the nutrient directly into the bloodstream, making absorption even more efficient. Some patients also prefer the vitamin B12 patches since they gradually release the vitamin into the bloodstream over a 24-hour period.

In any case, vitiligo patients would still do well to increase their vitamin B12 intake by eating foods that are rich in the nutrient. It can be found in most animal foods, particularly beef liver and clams, which have very high concentrations of the vitamin. Other animal foods that are rich sources of vitamin B12 include trout, haddock and salmon. Apart from animal foods, vitamin B12 can be found in fortified breakfast cereals and yogurt as well.