White Spot Skin Disease
One day, as you were toweling yourself dry after a shower, you noticed a white spot on your arm. You thought nothing of it at first, but as time went by, you realized the white spot has become bigger. If this is the case, then you may just have become one of the millions of people around the world who are suffering from vitiligo.
Sometimes referred to as white spot skin disease, vitiligo is a condition which causes the loss of pigment on areas of the skin. A disorder that may affect people of any age, race or gender, vitiligo occurs when the melanocytes that produce melanin, the skin’s natural pigment, fail to work. It most commonly affects areas of the skin that are more frequently exposed to the sun such as the face, hands, arms and feet. They are also known to appear in areas such as the groin area, the genitals, inside the mouth and the armpits. At first, the affected area will appear to be paler than the skin surrounding it. With the passage of time, that pale spot will become even lighter and will eventually become completely white.
It is not definitely known what causes vitiligo. It is known to be an autoimmune disease, but other studies also suggest that heredity factors, nutritional deficiencies, trauma and too much stress may also give rise to vitiligo. At present, there is no permanent cure for vitiligo, although there are a number of methods on how to treat white spot skin disease.
If you want to know how to treat white spots on your skin, it is recommended that you check with a dermatologist first so you can be introduced to various options. One treatment option that your doctor may recommend is phototherapy, which calls for the exposure of the white spots to ultraviolet light using a UV lamp. He or she may also prescribe topical medications like corticosteroid creams and ointments, which aim to promote tanning of the affected area.However, if your vitiligo is already severe and covers more than half of your body, one option that you can choose to undergo is depigmentation. By using monobenzone ether of hydroquinone on unaffected skin, that particular area is expected to become lighter and soon match the lightness of the rest of affected skin. You can also choose to undergo skin grafting, which is a surgical procedure that involves the transplantation of normally pigmented skin onto the white patches.
If you want cheaper and safer ways to treat vitiligo, you can always go for natural methods. As certain nutritional deficiencies are also being blamed for vitiligo, it only makes sense to increase your intake of vitamins, minerals and antioxidants by eating green leafy vegetables, fruits, nuts and whole grains. Eating more carrots, parsnip and celery is also recommended as they contain psoralen, a compound that promotes tanning by increasing the sensitivity of skin to UV light. Taking selenium and vitamin B12 health supplements may also help.
If stress is the possible cause of your vitiligo, then you need to de-stress yourself. Deep breathing techniques may help, and so does meditation. Other stress-relieving activities that you can undertake include swimming, jogging or walking.